New Institutional Economics Terms, Translated
(17 Languages)

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ARABIC

CHINESE

CZECH

ESTONIAN

ENGLISH TERM

ESTONIAN TERM

collective action
ühistegevus
commons
ühispõld
contract
leping
corruption
korruptsioon
credible commitment
usutav kohustumine
firm
firma
governance structure
haldusstruktuur
hierarchy
hierarhia
informal economy
varimajandus
institution
institutsioon
market
turg
New Institutional Economics
uus(-)institutsionaalne ökonoomika
opportunity cost
alternatiivkulu
organization
organisatsioon
path dependence
arengusõltuvus
property rights
omandiõigused
rent-seeking
renditaotlus
social capital
ühiskondlik kapital
social cost
ühiskondlik kulu
transaction costs
tehingukulu

FRENCH

ENGLISH TERM

FRENCH TERM

collective action
action collective
commons
propriété communale, propriété collective
contract
contrat
corruption
corruption
credible commitment
engagement crédible
firm
entreprise
governance structure
structure de gouvernance
hierarchy
hiérarchie
informal economy
économie informelle
institution
institution
market
marché
New Institutional Economics
Nouvelle Economie Institutionnelle
opportunity cost
coût d'opportunité
organization
organisation
path dependence
dépendance de sentier
property rights
droits de propriété
rent-seeking
recherche de rentes
social capital
capital social
social cost
coûts sociaux
transaction
transaction
transaction costs
coûts de transaction

GERMAN

ENGLISH TERM

GERMAN TERM

collective action
kollektive Handlung
commons
Allmende
contract
Vertrag
corruption
Bestechung, Korruption
credible commitment
glaubwürdige (Selbst-)Verpflichtung
firm
Firma, Unternehmung
governance structure
Überwachungs- und Durchsetzungsstruktur
hierarchy
Hierarchie
informal economy
Schattenwirtschaft
institution
Institution
market
Markt
New Institutional Economics
Neue Institutionenökonomik
opportunity cost
Alternativkosten
organization
Organisation
path dependence
Pfadabhängigkeit
property rights
Verfügungsrechte
rent-seeking
Rentensuchen
social capital
Sozialkapital
social cost
soziale Kosten
transaction costs
Transaktionskosten

GREEK

HUNGARIAN

ENGLISH TERM

HUNGARIAN TERM

collective action
közösségi döntések
commons
közjavak
contract
szerzõdés
corruption
korrupció
credible commitment
hiteles elkötelezettség
firm
vállalat
governance structure
vezetési szerkezet/rendszer
hierarchy
hierarchia
informal economy
informális gazdaság/infromális szektor
institution
intézmény
market
piac
New Institutional Economics
Új-Institúcionalista Közgazdaságtan
opportunity cost
alternatív költségek
organization
szervezet
path dependence
folyamat függõség
property rights
tulajdonjogok
rent-seeking
járadék-vadászat
social capital
szociális tõke
social cost
szociális költség
transaction costs
tranzakciós költségek

ITALIAN

ENGLISH TERM

ITALIAN TERM

collective action
azione collettiva
commons
risorse comuni, beni collettivi
contract
contratto
corruption
corruzione
credible commitment
impegno attendibile
firm
impresa
governance structure
struttura di governo della transazione, struttura di governance
hierarchy
gerarchia
informal economy
economia sommersa, economia informale
institution
istituzione
market
mercato
New Institutional Economics
economia neo-istituzionalista
opportunity cost
costo opportunità
organization
organizzazione
path dependence
dipendenza storica
property rights
diritti di proprieta'
rent-seeking
ricerca di rendita
social capital
capitale sociale
social cost
costo sociale
transaction
transazione
transaction costs
costi di transazione

JAPANESE

KOREAN

MACEDONIAN

POLISH

ENGLISH TERM

POLISH TERM

collective action
działanie zbiorowe
commons
własność publiczna
contract
kontrakt, umowa
corruption
korupcja
credible commitment
wiarygodne zobowiązanie
firm
przedsiębiorstwo
governance structure
forma zarządzania transakcją
hierarchy
hierarchia (zhierarchizowana forma zarządzania transakcją)
informal economy
gospodarka nieformalna, szara strefa
institution
instytucja (formalna lub nieformalna reguła postępowania)
market
rynek
New Institutional Economics
Nowa Ekonomia Instytucjonalna
opportunity cost
koszt utraconych korzyści, koszt alternatywny
organization
organizacja
path dependence
zależność od przeszłej ścieżki rozwoju
property rights
prawa własności
rent-seeking
pogoń za rentą, zawłaszczanie rent ekonomicznych
social capital
kapitał społeczny
social cost
koszt społeczny
transaction
transakcja
transaction costs
koszty transakcyjne

PORTUGUESE

ENGLISH TERM

PORTUGUESE TERM

collective action
ação coletiva
commons
"os comuns"
contract
contrato
corruption
corrupção
credible commitment
compromisso firme
firm
firma
governance structure
estrutura de governança
hierarchy
hierarquia
informal economy
economia informal
institution
instituição
market
mercado
New Institutional Economics
Nova Economia Institucional
opportunity cost
custo de oportunidade
organization
organização
path dependence
dependencia do pasado/dependencia de rota
property rights
direitos de propriedade
rent-seeking
caça-renda
social capital
capital social
social cost
custo social
transaction
transação
transaction costs
custos de transação

RUSSIAN

SPANISH

ENGLISH TERM

SPANISH TERM

collective action
acción colectiva
commons
propiedad comunal
contract
contrato
corruption
corrupción
credible commitment
compromiso creíble
firm
empresa
governance structure
gobierno/estructura de gobernación/estructura de control
hierarchy
jerarquía
informal economy
economía informal
institution
institución
market
mercado
New Institutional Economics
Nueva Economía Institucional
opportunity cost
coste de oportunidad
organization
organización
path dependence
dependencia del camino
property rights
derechos reales (legal), derechos de propiedad (economic)
rent-seeking
búsqueda de rentas
social capital
capital social
social cost
coste social
transaction
transacción
transaction costs
costes de transacción

TURKISH

ENGLISH TERM

TURKISH TERM

collective action
kolektif eylem
commons
ortak alan
contract
kontrat
corruption
yolsuzluk
credible commitment
taahhüt
firm
firma
governance structure
yönetim yapısı
hierarchy
hiyerarşi
informal economy
kayıt dışı ekonomi
institution
kurum
market
piyasa
New Institutional Economics
Yeni Kurumsal İktisat
opportunity cost
fırsat maliyeti
organization
organizasyon
path dependence
patika bağımlılığı
property rights
mülkiyet hakları
rent-seeking
rant kollama
social capital
sosyal sermaye
social cost
sosyal maliyet
transaction
işlem
transaction costs
işlem maliyetleri


Compiled by Alexandra Benham, with the generous assistance of Iman Elshair (Arabic), Debin Ma (Chinese), Zdenek Kudrna (Czech), Hardo Pajula (Estonian), Claude Ménard and John Nye (French), Rudolf Richter (German), Paschalis Arvanitidis (Greek), Mihaly Kopanyi (Hungarian), Gaetano Antinolfi and Stefano Pascucci (Italian), Akiko Aikawa (Japanese), Inhak Hwang (Korean), Marjan Petreski (Macedonian), Jacek Jastrzebski (Polish), Frederico Faccioli (Portuguese), Danila Raskov (Russian), Benito Arruñada (Spanish), and Devrim Dumludag (Turkish).